Feedback Machines

self-regulating systems / 2016

Two-week project at the Köln International School of Design, Cologne.


Köln International School of Design, Cologne  


From self-driving cars to seemingly “smart” devices – feedback loops are one of the main principles in the control and regulation of autonomous machines. The project “Feedback Machines” offers various perspectives to the complex topic through experimental explorations.


The theory of control and regulation through feedback loops has its roots in cybernetics. Here information of the output and environment is feed back into the system to take control. In the project the students were asked to develop simple feedback systems, by (mis-)using existing technologies in combination with analog material to create non-linear behaving systems. In a hands-on approach various autonomous explorations were designed.



Arturo Vélez Sánchez, Johannes Wilhelm Bier, Christoph Schnedler, Cheng-Chieh Tsai, Lukas Höh, Holly Martin Bates, Julia Alfeo, Sascha Haus, Hortense Tollu